Exodus

J. B. Hewitt, Chesterfield

Part 5 of 11 of the series Outline Studies in the Pentateuch

The title "Exodus" means a "way out" or "departure", and was given because it records the way in which Jehovah brought Israel out of the bondage of Egypt. The theme of the book is redemption; the theme of Genesis is election. The people who are chosen in Genesis are now called, and the main part of the book records their "going out". Here we have the beginnings of Israel's national existence and incidents that immediately preceded their memorable migration. The covenant made with the Patriarchs is perpetuated with the nation, and the name of Jehovah is here unveiled. Here is the fulfilment of Genesis 46. 3-4; 50. 24, and the growth from the family to the nation is suggested in the opening words, "Now these are the names".

Author. Its authorship by Moses is distinctly asserted by himself, Exod. 24. 3, 4, 7. He sang the hymn found in chapter 15, and according to 17. 14 Moses wrote in a book the promise of Jehovah to destroy Amalek from the face of the earth. The book gives every evidence of having been written by an eye-witness of Israel's journeys. The book is ascribed to Moses in Deuteronomy 31. 9-11; Joshua 1. 7; Nehemiah 9. 14. Note in the early chapters the repetition of the phrase, "The Lord spake unto Moses"; it is used to open chapters 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, ii, 12. The book gives us both the observations of Moses and divine communications to Moses. He "tells" the words of the Lord; he "writes" them, and then "reads'* them to the people.

Authority. Its authenticity is confirmed by our Lord in Mark 12. 26; Luke 20. 37; John 5. 46. God is represented as speaking as One who was known to the Patriarchs, 3. 6. Note our Lord's appeal in Mark 7. 8-13 and the language of Acts 7.17-44. The word "exodus", translated "decease", is used of our Lord's work accomplished at Jerusalem in Luke 9. 31. By His death and resurrection, He was about to make a "way out" for believers from the bondage of sin. Paul refers to the covenant of Exodus in Galatians 3. 17, and he shows the "passover" is a type of our redemption in Christ, 1 Cor.

5-7-

Aim. This is to record the emancipation of the nation, their education in the wilderness, and their association with the tabernacle for worship. It opens with Israel crushed and crying as a helpless slave, and closes with Israel redeemed, related, enriched and free. Their deliverance was effected by the death of the Paschal Lamb and the power of God. We can trace the history of the carnal Christian in their experi­ences, 1 Cor. 10. 1-6.

The book carries on the story of the preservation of that people out of whom Messiah was to come, Matt. 2. 15. The chosen people in Egypt have become "a great nation", they have "multiplied" and become "mighty". "There is a gap between Genesis and Exodus of nearly 280 years, from the death of Joseph to the birth of Moses", Rawlinson.

The dominant note of the book is deliverance or redemption. The man God used, Moses, is a type of Christ, for redemption centres in the Man Christ Jesus. Compare chapters 1-6 with Ephesians 1. 7; Colossians 1. 12-14, Note, too, the miserable state of the nation, chs. 1-2, 7-11; the means of redemption, both by blood, ch. 12, and by power, ch. 14; the message of redemption seen in the law, the motive of redemp­tion being salvation, separation and service, chs. 13-24; and the medium by which it is enjoyed set forth in the tabernacle, chs. 25-40.

Appeal. In this book we see God's hand in human history. God raised up Moses to be the leader of the nation, to bring them out of bondage into liberty. God revealed Himself to Moses as Jehovah, the Covenant God, assuring him that the divine Presence was his fitness, the divine Name was his message, and the divine Power was his capacity. What God had promised the Patriarchs, He will accomplish, and He will bring Israel out of Egypt into Canaan. The mighty hand of God is seen:

In providing for Israel, i. 5, and preserving them, 1. 7-17;

In preparing Moses as a deliverer, 2. 2,11; 3. 1-22;

In punishing those who oppose His purposes, chs. 4-12;

Then in protecting and providing for the nation, chs. 13-40.

Message. The Sovereignty of God is revealed by Self-revelation:

To Moses, His plans and purposes in redemption; To Pharaoh, His power in righteous judgment; To Israel, His salvation, with its privileges and responsi­bilities.

Suggested Analysis. The contents may be considered as follows:

Israel in Egypt, chs. 1-12, slavery, salvation;

Israel in the wilderness,  chs.   13-18,  separated  and

supplied; Israel at Sinai, chs. 19-40, sanctified and serving.

1. Subjugation, 1.1 to 11.10. The Need of Redemption. The Multiplied People, ch. 1, "Bondage". Its cause, 1-10; its character, 11-16; its consequences, 17-22.

The Mighty Prophet, chs. 2-4, "Burdened". Moses,   his   preservation,   2.   1-10;   rejection   11-25; occupation 3. 1; his revelation from God, 3. 4 to 4. 26. The Master Plan, 4. 29 to n. 10, "Blight in Egypt". The plan resisted, ch. 5; Pharaoh's defiance, 1-9; his

demands, 10-23. The plan revealed, ch. 6; Jehovah's promise, 1-13; his

people, 14-30.

The plan rejected, 7. 10 to 11. 10; Pharaoh's determin­ation brings disaster.

The nine plagues were directed against the Egyptian deities. The river god judged, 7. 14-25; frog goddess judged, 8. 1-15; earth god judged, 8. 16-19; the sacred beetle, 8. 20-32; the sacred bull, 9. 1-7; the goddess Neit, 9. 8-12; priestism judged, 9. 13-35; atmosphere god, 10. 1-20; the sun god, 10. 21-29; Egypt's sovereign rebuked, magicians defeated, de­votees disheartened and idols demolished.

2.   Emancipation, chs. 12-18. The Power of Redemption.
Sheltered, ch. 12. The spotless lamb, 1-6; sheltering blood,

7-12, 21-27; special memorial, 14-20; simple obedience,

24-28; and speedy departure, 29-42. Sanctified, ch. 13. The new life, 1-16; the new leading,

17-22. Salvation, ch.  14. Directions, 1-4; determination, 5-9;

despair, 10-12; dependance, 13-14; deliverance, 15-22;

destruction, 23-31. Singing, ch. 15. The song of triumph 1-21; season of trial,

22-25; supplies from God, 26-27. Sustenance, ch. 16. The manna given by God, gathered in

the morning, good food from heaven, Psa. 78. 24, 25. Satisfied, ch. 17. Water from the rock, 1-7; war with Amalek,

8-13; worthy memorial, 14-16. Seasonable Counsel, ch.  18. Acknowledge God's power,

1,9,10; appreciate His supremacy, n; and His presence,

12; have associates in service, 19—26.

3. Obligation, chs. 19-24. The Claims of Redemption.
Preparation for the Lam, ch. 19. Spiritual Life.

Declaration of His purpose, 1-8; preparation of His

people,   9-15;   manifestation   of His   power,   16-20;

communication to His people, 21-25; Revelation of the Law, ch. 20. Moral Life.

Foundation, 1-2; obligation - Godward, 3-11; manward,

12-17; impression, 18-21; injunctions, 22-26; Regulation of the Law, chs. 21-23. Social Life.

Masters and servants, 1-11; physical injuries, 12-36;

property rights, 22. 1-15; evil practices, 22, 16 to 23. 9;

Sabbath and feasts, 10-19; Recognition of the Law, ch. 24. Religious Life.

Association, 1-2; acceptance, 3-8; ascent of the mount, 9-18.

4. Association, chs. 25-40. The Purpose of Redemption. The Institution of the Tabernacle, chs. 25-27. Preparation,

25. 1-7; plan, 25. 8 to 27. 21; purpose, 25. 8, 22. The Ordination of the Priesthood, chs. 28. 29.  Calling,

clothing, consecration. The Provision of Workmen, ch. 31. Engaged, equipped,

encouraged. The Transgression of the People, chs. 32-34. Idolatry, 1-6;

indignation, 7-10; intercession and restoration, ch. 34. The Construction of the Tabernacle, chs. 35 to 39. 32. The

programme of and provision for the work, chs. 35-36;

participation in, and progress of, the work, chs. 37 to

39. 32. The Completion and the Consecration of the  Tabernacle,

39. 33 to 40. 38.

For your Study. Trace occurrences of the words, "brought forth, up and out", over forty times.

Key words, "The Lord said", eighty times; "I will", over seventy times; "Thou shalt" and "shalt not", two hundred times; and "as the Lord commanded", over twenty times.

Find time to study the tabernacle and priesthood.

There are 9 articles in
ISSUE (1971, Volume 22 Issue 2)

The Church at Antioch - A Church with a Privilege

Exodus

The Local Requirements

Moses and Jesus

The New Birth Illustrated

Philadelphia

Psalm 8

Revelation of Divine Purpose in Exodus

‘Till He Come’

There are 11 articles in this series

Outline Studies in the Pentateuch - Introduction

Genesis - Part 1

Genesis - Part 2

Suggested Analysis of Genesis

Exodus

Exodus: Its Message for Today

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Glimpses of Christ

Outline Studies in the Penteteuch

There are 40 articles by this author

Why I Believe the Bible

Glimpses of Christ

Outline Studies in Hebrews - Introduction

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 4 - 5

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 6-7

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 8 - 9

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 10

Outline Studies in the Pentateuch - Introduction

Genesis - Part 1

Genesis - Part 2

Suggested Analysis of Genesis

Exodus

Exodus: Its Message for Today

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Glimpses of Christ

Outline Studies in the Penteteuch

The Authority of Scripture in This Modern Age

Truth for the Times - Introduction

Controlled by Divine Truth, 2 Peter 3

The Peril of Apostasy, Jude 4-19

The Antidote to Apostasy, Jude 1-3; 17-23

Christ in the Prison Epistles - Introduction

Ephesians - Christ our Leader and our Lord

Philippians - Christ our Life

Colossians - Christ our Head

Philemon - Christ our Example

Help from Haggai - Introduction

Help from Haggai, Verses 2. 10-23

The Eight Men of James Chapter One

Meditation-a Lost Art

The Cross in Galatians

The Industrious Servant of Jehovah

Abraham - Friend of God

Living by Faith, Habakkuk

Help from Haggai, Verses 1. 1-11

Help from Haggai, Verses 1. 12-15; 2. 1-9

The Son of Consolation

The Lion-Hearted Amount the Lions - Daniel 6