Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 8 - 9

J. B. Hewitt, Chesterfield

Part 6 of 10 of the series Outline Studies in Hebrews

ALL PROSPEROUS IN HIS MINISTRY

CHAPTER 8

by J. B. Hewitt, Chesterfield

1.  The Better Sanctuary, w. 1-6. More Excellent Ministry. The Superior Priest, v. 1. Possessed - "we have"; Provided by God - available; His position - seated; Place of highest honour - "right hand"; Authority - "throne"; Glory - "Majesty", Locality - "in the heavens".

The Sanctuary Perfect, v. 2. Its character holy - "sanctuary";

A centre of divine glory - "tabernacle"; Of divine creation - "the Lord pitched".

A Sacrifice Essential, v. 3. Purpose of priesthood - "offer gifts and sacrifices"; Fulfilled when He offered Himself, 9. 13,14. This theme is developed in chapter 9.

Sphere of Priesthood, v. 4. Heavenly not earthly. Present tense infers that the temple was standing when this letter was written. Christ did not fully accomplish this purpose on earth, because He was not of the priestly tribe, 7. 13. He is fulfilling it now in heaven. The type is of Aaron, but the order is of Melchisedec.

Shadow of Heavenly Things, v. 5. The tabernacle is a copy and a shadow, yet valuable: divinely significant and important with nothing left to human imagination.

Superiority of Heavenly Minister, v. 6. His ministry was heavenly, Aaron's was earthly; Christ's was spiritual, not temporal or material. The better covenant is spiritual, universal, eternal and internal. Contrast this with the old covenant.

2. The  Better   Covenant,  w.   7-13.   More  Embracing Covenant. A covenant is an agreement. A testament is a will, a promise to be fulfilled after death. Covenants are of two kinds, conditional and unconditional.

The first covenant, Gen. 3. 15-19, was made with Adam and Eve and was conditional.

The second covenant, Gen. 9. 8-17, was God's covenant with Noah and was unconditional.

The Failure of the Old Covenant. It was not perfect, Exod. 24. 1-11. Faulty - it did not meet the need of man; it was lacking in power. Discontinued - place was found for the new covenant, Heb. 8. 7. Disobeyed - "finding fault with them", 8-9. External - written on stones. Tem­porary - see Galatians 3. 19. Waxed old and vanished away, Heb. 8. 13.

The Fulness of the New Covenant, Described and assured, vv. 10-13. Prophetically foretold, Jer. 31. 31-34. Historic­ally fulfilled, Luke 22. 20. Doctrinally expounded, Heb. 8. 10-13. Absolutely guaranteed, 8. 12. Revelation of love and mercy, 12. Revelation of law, 10 - present in the mind and treasured in the heart. Revelation of knowledge, n. Realisation of fellowship, 11-12. God and man reconciled.

HIS BLOOD ALL PROCURING IN ITS EFFICACY

CHAPTER 9

1. The Mediator in a Better Sanctuary, vv. 1-14. The Two Ministries.

The Sanctuary Described, vv. 1-5. The articles appointed foreshadowed Christ. The "divine service", I, was local and transitory, while the New is eternal and permanent. The type in this chapter is the day of atonement, Lev. 16; Heb. 9. 7, 24, 28. The divine presence - "ark". The divine power - "rod that budded". The divine provision -altar of access. Divine law - "tables".

The Service Detailed, w. 6-10. The tabernacle service was spiritually inadequate. Restriction - "once every year", 7. Exclusion - "high priest alone", 7. Condition - "not without blood", 7. imperfection - "not yet made mani­fest", 8. An illustration of better things; it was a sym­bolical representation, 9.

The Substance Divine, vv. 11-14. The glories and perfections of Christ. An abiding Priest, n. Bringing an acceptable Offering, 12. An accomplished work - "redemption", 12. Assured people - purged, 14. It was necessary for Christ to enter in "by his own blood", and to present Himself, vv. 12-14. Trace the New Testament references to the words "his own".

2. The Mercy of a Better Ministry, vv. 15-28. The True Minister.

His Ministry is Efficacious, w. 15-22. We rest in Him. The covenant ratified by death, 15. The need recognised, 16. Christ's full and voluntary surrender gives validity and efficacy to the New Covenant. "The 'Covenant' of which Christ is Mediator is identified with the 'Testament' of which Christ is the Testator, and His death has brought us into the benefits of this Covenant", F. W. Grant.

His Ministry is Effectual, w. 23-28. Representation before God - He appears for us, 24. Revelation of grace - He appeared on earth, 26. Purification of the heavens - by a better Sacrifice, 23. Completion of His work - once for all, 26. Provision of His death - bears the sins of many, 28. Examination of men - tribunal set up, 27. Manifestation of the Lord - visible coming, 28; Rev. 1. 7. This is not the rapture, 1 Thess. 4, but the appearing, the epiphany, 2 Thess. 2. 8, "brightness".

Suggestions for Study. Chapter 8. Contrast the sanctu­aries and covenants here. Consider the references to "himself" and "consider" in this book; also all references to the Lord "sitting", "set" and "sat" at the right hand.

Chapter 9. Meditate on the word "once" in chapters 9 and 10. Note the contrasts in this chapter, e.g., the sanctuaries, the ministries, the sacrifices, the ministers. Examine how every­thing in Christ and through Christ is "better" here.

There are 9 articles in
ISSUE (1969, Volume 20 Issue 5)

Bishops and Deacons

Discipline

Ezekiel, The Watchman of God

Gospel Work and other Assembly Activities

The Holy Spirit, the Power for Life, Walk & Witness

Notes on John’s Second Epistle

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 8 - 9

The Priesthood of Christ

Three Exhortations

There are 10 articles in this series

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Introduction

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 1

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 2-3

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 4 - 5

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 6-7

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 8 - 9

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 10

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 11

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 12

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 13

There are 59 articles by this author

Why I Believe the Bible

Glimpses of Christ

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Introduction

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 4 - 5

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 6-7

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 8 - 9

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 10

Outline Studies in the Pentateuch - Introduction

Genesis - Part 1

Genesis - Part 2

Suggested Analysis of Genesis

Exodus

Exodus: Its Message for Today

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Glimpses of Christ

Outline Studies in the Penteteuch

The Authority of Scripture in This Modern Age

Truth for the Times - Introduction

Controlled by Divine Truth, 2 Peter 3

The Peril of Apostasy, Jude 4-19

The Antidote to Apostasy, Jude 1-3; 17-23

Christ in the Prison Epistles - Introduction

Ephesians - Christ our Leader and our Lord

Philippians - Christ our Life

Colossians - Christ our Head

Philemon - Christ our Example

Help from Haggai - Introduction

Help from Haggai, Verses 2. 10-23

The Eight Men of James Chapter One

Meditation-a Lost Art

The Cross in Galatians

The Industrious Servant of Jehovah

Abraham - Friend of God

Living by Faith, Habakkuk

Help from Haggai, Verses 1. 1-11

Help from Haggai, Verses 1. 12-15; 2. 1-9

The Son of Consolation

The Lion-Hearted Amount the Lions - Daniel 6

Obadiah

Jonah

Micah

Nahum

Habakkuk

Zephaniah

1 Thessalonians - Some Suggestions for Study

Outline Studies in the Minor Prophets - Introduction

Hosea

Joel

Amos

Haggai

Zechariah

Malachi

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 1

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 2-3

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 11

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 12

Outline Studies in Hebrews, Chapter 13